Elizabeth II

From 6 February 1952 until her death on 8 , (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 – other Commonwealth nations) served as the of the .

During her lifetime, she had the over 32 sovereign states, and there were 15 at the time of her passing.

Her 70 years and 214 days of reigning are the longest of any , the longest of any woman to hold the office of head of in , and the second-longest reign that has been independently authenticated of any in .

Elizabeth was born in , , as the first child of the and of York (later and ).


She was educated privately at home and began to undertake duties during the Second World , serving in the .


In , she married , a former prince of and , and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in .


When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth—then 25 years old—became queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the , , , New Zealand, South , Pakistan, and Ceylon (known today as Sri Lanka), as well as Head of the Commonwealth.


Elizabeth reigned as a constitutional through major changes such as the Troubles in Northern , devolution in the , the decolonisation of , and the 's accession to the European Communities and withdrawal from the .


She was served by 15 prime ministers during her reign, more than any other .


Throughout her lifetime, support for the monarchy in the remained consistently high, as did her personal popularity.


Elizabeth died aged 96 at Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, in , and was succeeded by her eldest son, Charles III.

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