Design

Moffat Tunnel

The Moffat Tunnel is a railroad and water tunnel that cuts through the Continental Divide in north-central Colorado. Named after Colorado railroad pioneer David Moffat, the tunnel’s first official railroad traffic passed through in February 1928. The Moffat Tunnel finally provided Denver with a western link through the Continental Divide, as both Cheyenne, Wyoming, to …

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55 Pandora

Pandora (minor planet designation: 55 Pandora) is a fairly large and very bright asteroid in the asteroid belt. Pandora was discovered by American astronomer and Catholic priest George Mary Searle on September 10, 1858, from the Dudley Observatory near Albany, NY. It was his first and only asteroid discovery.

New Toronto

New Toronto is a neighbourhood and former municipality in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the south-west area of Toronto, along Lake Ontario. The Town of New Toronto was established in 1890, and was designed and planned as an industrial centre by a group of industrialists from Toronto who had visited Rochester, New York. …

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Anoatok

Anoatok, now Kane Manor Inn, is an historic residence which is located in Kane, Pennsylvania, in McKean County. Commissioned by the author, physician and women’s rights activist Elizabeth Dennistoun Wood Kane (1836–1909), one of the first women to enroll in the Medical College of Pennsylvania and the widow of American Civil War General Thomas L. …

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Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II

The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin-turbofan, straight-wing, subsonic attack aircraft developed by Fairchild Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF). Summary In service since 1976, it is named for the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, a World War II-era fighter-bomber effective at attacking ground targets, but commonly referred to as the “Warthog” …

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Truck

A truck is a vehicle designed to perform utilitarian work.

Darts

Darts, often known as dart-throwing, is a competitive activity in which two or more players fire tiny sharp-pointed missiles known as darts at a circular target known as a dartboard using just their hands. Darts players are sometimes referred to as “dartists.” Scores are awarded by striking certain indicated locations of the board; however, unlike …

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Falcon 9

Falcon 9 is a partially reusable two-stage-to-orbit medium-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX in the United States. The latest version of the first stage can return to Earth and be flown again multiple times. Both the first and second stages are powered by SpaceX Merlin engines, using cryogenic liquid oxygen and rocket-grade kerosene …

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The Infinite Happiness

The Infinite Happiness is a feature-length documentary (85 min) by Ila Bêka & Louise Lemoine which documents their life for about a month inside the “8 House” designed by the architect Bjarke Ingels in Copenhagen. Directed by Ila Bêka & Louise Lemoine Produced by Beka & Partners Cinematography Ila Bêka Edited by Ila Bêka & …

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St. Georges Hotel, Beirut

St. Georges Hotel in Beirut, Lebanon is a landmark building built in the late 1920s. Parisian architect Auguste Perret came to Beirut to design the building with Antoine Tabet.

Indian reservation

An Indian reservation is an area of land tenure governed by a federally recognized Native American tribal nation under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, rather than by the government of the state in which it is located. The 326 Indian reservations in the United States are associated with specific Native American nations, often on …

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Kaneyama Castle

Mino Kaneyama Castle was a Sengoku period Japanese castle located in Kani, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was also known as Karasumine Castle. In 1981, the ruins were designated as a National Historic Site.

Freedom Park (Lagos)

Park in Nigeria. Coordinates 6.4489°N 3.3965°E It was designed by the Architect Theo Lawson. Freedom Park is a memorial and leisure park area in the middle of downtown Lagos in Lagos Island, Nigeria which was formerly Her Majesty’s Broad Street Prison.

James Webb Space Telescope

NASA created the James Webb Space Telescope with support from the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency. The telescope is named after James E. Webb, who served as NASA administrator from 1961 to 1968 and was instrumental in the Apollo program. JWST’s primary mirror, the Optical Telescope Element, consists of 18 hexagonal mirror …

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Netcat

Netcat (often abbreviated to nc) is a computer networking utility for reading from and writing to network connections using TCP or UDP. Netcat is designed to be a dependable back-end that can be used directly or easily driven by other programs and scripts. At the same time, it is a feature-rich network debugging and investigation tool, …

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Exchange-traded fund

An exchange-traded fund (ETF) is a type of investment fund and exchange-traded product, i.e. they are traded on stock exchanges. ETFs are similar in many ways to mutual funds, except that ETFs are bought and sold from other owners throughout the day on stock exchanges while mutual funds are bought and sold from the issuer based on their price at day’s end. An ETF …

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HMGN

HMGN (High Mobility Group Nucleosome-binding) proteins are members of the broader class of high mobility group (HMG) chromosomal proteins that are involved in regulation of transcription, replication, recombination, and DNA repair. HMGN1 and HMGN2 (initially designated HMG-14 and HMG-17 respectively) were discovered by E.W. Johns research group in the early 1970s. HMGN3, HMGN4, and HMGN5 were discovered later and are less abundant. HMGNs are nucleosome binding proteins that …

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Coat of arms of Nuuk

The coat of arms of Nuuk is a design of mostly blue and white, with a red building in the center known as the “red siminar”, the teachers’ training college of Nuuk, Greenland, and a yellow paddle floating in the water in front of it. There are three sets of white waves in front of the paddle, and Mt. Sermitsiaq in …

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Roscrea

Roscrea is a market town in County Tipperary, Ireland, which in 2016 had a population of 5,446. Roscrea is one of the oldest towns in Ireland, having developed around the 7th century monastery of Saint Crónán of Roscrea, parts of which remain preserved today. Roscrea is a designated Irish Heritage Town due to the extent of important historical buildings that are …

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Mathew Baker

Mathew Baker was one of the most renowned Tudor shipwrights, and the first to put the practice of shipbuilding down on paper. The first list of ‘Master Shipwrights’ appointed ‘by Patent’ by Henry VIII of England included ‘John Smyth, Robert Holborn, Richard Bull and James Baker,’ in 1537. James Baker was responsible for many of the designs and the construction of King Henry’s …

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What Is an ETF?

An exchange traded fund (ETF) is a form of securities that follows an index, sector, commodity, or other asset but may be bought and sold on a stock market in the same way that a regular stock can. An ETF can be designed to follow anything from the price of a single commodity to a …

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Account Model

The account model is a blockchain architecture that allows for direct data and value transfer. Smart contract platforms, such as Ethereum, employ the account model, as opposed to the UTXO model used by the Bitcoin network, which limits smart contract possibilities. One possible disadvantage of the account model design is the difficulty in scaling transactions-per-second.

AAVE Token

The AAVE token is an Ethereum-based ERC-20 asset that serves as the Aave blockchain protocol’s governance token. AAVE token holders can submit improvements to the AAVE protocol and vote to accept or refuse new ideas. AAVE coins, if widely distributed, are designed to eventually support the Aave platform’s autonomous and decentralized governance.

Railroad classes

In the United States, railroad carriers are designated as Class I, II, or III, according to size criteria set by the Surface Transportation Board in 1992 and adjusted for inflation annually. The annual revenue threshold for Class I rail carriers for 2019 was earning revenue greater than US$504,803,294 and greater than US40,384,263 for Class II carriers.

Public policy

Public policy is an institutionalized proposal to solve relevant and real-world problems, guided by a conception and implemented by programs as a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government, in response to social issues. Beyond this broad definition, public policy has been conceptualized in a variety of ways. A popular way of …

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is a private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1900, the university is a merger of the Carnegie Institute of Technology and the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research. The university was established by Andrew Carnegie as the Carnegie Technical Schools, the university became the Carnegie Institute of Technology in …

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Census Bureau-designated regions and divisions

Since 1950, the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau region definition is “widely used … for data collection and analysis”, and is the most commonly used classification system. Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) Division 2: Mid-Atlantic (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania) Region 2: Midwest (Prior to June 1984, the …

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Architect

An architect is someone who plans, designs, and supervises building construction. To practice architecture implies to offer services related to the design of structures and the space inside the site around the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their primary goal. The name architect is etymologically derived from the Latin architectus, which is …

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Fallingwater

Fallingwater is a house designed by the architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1939 in the Laurel Highlands of southwest Pennsylvania, about 70 miles (110 km) southeast of Pittsburgh. The house was built partly over a waterfall on Bear Run in the Mill Run section of Stewart Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, located in the Laurel Highlands of the Allegheny Mountains. The house was designed as a weekend home for Liliane …

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Designer

A designer is a person who plans the form or structure of something before it is made, by preparing drawings or plans. In practice, anyone who creates tangible or intangible objects, products, processes, laws, games, graphics, services, or experiences can be referred to as a designer.

Capital city

A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a country, state, province, department, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a city that physically encompasses the government’s offices and meeting places; the status as capital is often designated by its law or constitution. In some jurisdictions, including several countries, different branches of government are in different settlements. In …

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Data integrity

Data integrity is the maintenance of, and the assurance of, data accuracy and consistency over its entire life-cycle and is a critical aspect to the design, implementation, and usage of any system that stores, processes, or retrieves data. The term is broad in scope and may have widely different meanings depending on the specific context – even under the …

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Automaton

An automaton is a relatively self-operating machine, or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a properations, or respond to predetermined instructions. Some automata, such as bellstrikers in mechanical clocks, are designed to give the illusion to the casual observer that they are operating under their own power. Since long ago, the term is commonly associated with automated puppets that …

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Computer programming

Computer programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific computing result or to perform a specific task. Programming involves tasks such as: analysis, generating algorithms, profiling algorithms’ accuracy and resource consumption, and the implementation of algorithms in a chosen programming language (commonly referred to as coding). The source code of a program is written in one or more languages that …

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, designer, writer, and educator. He designed more than 1,000 structures over a creative period of 70 years. Wright believed in designing in harmony with humanity and the environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was exemplified in Fallingwater (1935), which has been called “the best all-time work …

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Western Pennsylvania

Western Pennsylvania is a region in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, covering the western third of the state. Pittsburgh is the region’s principal city and serves as its economic and cultural center. Erie, Altoona, and Johnstown are its other metropolitan centers. Although the Commonwealth does not designate Western Pennsylvania as an official region, since colonial times it has retained a distinct identity not …

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Point State Park

Point State Park (locally known as The Point) is a Pennsylvania state park on 36 acres (150,000 m2) in Downtown Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, forming the Ohio River. Built on land acquired via eminent domain from industrial enterprises in the 1950s, the park opened in August 1974 when construction was completed on its iconic fountain. Pittsburgh settled on the current design after rejecting …

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Intel Core i3

Intel Core i3 brand microprocessors. These processors are designed with cheap price points, while still retaining the power of the Intel Core line. As such they (along with Intel’s i5 series) are often found in laptops and low-end desktop computers.

Lava lamp

A lava lamp is a decorative lamp, invented in 1963 by British entrepreneur Edward Craven Walker, the founder of the lighting company Mathmos. The lamp consists of a bolus of a special coloured wax mixture inside a glass vessel, the remainder of which contains clear or translucent liquid. The vessel is placed on a box containing an incandescent light bulb whose heat …

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Machine code

In computer programming, machine code is any low-level programming language, consisting of machine language instructions, which is used to control a computer’s central processing unit (CPU). Each instruction causes the CPU to perform a very specific task, such as a load, a store, a jump, or an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) operation on one or more units of data in the CPU’s registers or memory. Machine code is a …

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Analytical Engine

The Analytical Engine was a proposed mechanical general-purpose computer designed by English mathematician and computer pioneer Charles Babbage. It was first described in 1837 as the successor to Babbage’s difference engine, which was a design for a simpler mechanical computer. The Analytical Engine incorporated an arithmetic logic unit, control flow in the form of conditional branching and loops, and integrated memory, making it the first design for a …

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Encryption

In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding information. This process converts the original representation of the information, known as plaintext, into an alternative form known as ciphertext. Ideally, only authorized parties can decipher a ciphertext back to plaintext and access the original information. Encryption does not itself prevent interference but denies the intelligible content to a would-be interceptor. For technical reasons, …

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Boeing 787 Dreamliner

The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American wide-body jet airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. After dropping its Sonic Cruiser project, Boeing announced the conventional 7E7 on January 29, 2003, focused on efficiency. The program was launched on April 26, 2004, with an order for 50 from All Nippon Airways (ANA), targeting a 2008 introduction. On July 8, 2007, the prototype was rolled out without major …

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Low-power wide-area network

A low-power wide-area network (LPWAN) or low-power wide-area (LPWA) network or low-power network (LPN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network designed to allow long-range communications at a low bit rate among things (connected objects), such as sensors operated on a battery. The low power, low bit rate and intended use distinguish this type of network from a wireless WAN that is designed to connect users or businesses, and carry …

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Database

In computing, a database is an organized collection of data stored and accessed electronically from a computer system. Where databases are more complex they are often developed using formal design and modeling techniques. The database management system (DBMS) is the software that interacts with end users, applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze the data. The DBMS software additionally encompasses the core facilities provided to administer …

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Bitcoin network

The bitcoin network is a peer-to-peer payment network that operates on a cryptographic protocol. Users send and receive bitcoins, the units of currency, by broadcasting digitally signed messages to the network using bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet software. Transactions are recorded into a distributed, replicated public database known as the blockchain, with consensus achieved by a proof-of-work system called mining. Satoshi Nakamoto, the designer of bitcoin, claimed that design and coding of bitcoin began …

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Cryptography

Cryptography, or cryptology, is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of adversarial behavior. More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent third parties or the public from reading private messages; various aspects of information security, such as data confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation, are central to modern cryptography. Modern cryptography exists at the intersection of the disciplines of mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, communication …

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Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It emerged as an identifiable occupation in the latter half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electrical power generation, distribution and use. Electrical engineering is now divided into a wide range of …

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House at Lake Connewarre

Designed by Melbourne architect Kerstin Thompson from 1999–2002, House at Lake Connewarre is located in Leopold, Victoria. It is a house characterised by its black, flat, long roof blending into the landscape around Lake Connewarre. The architect described the house as “a simple gesture across the landscape”. The house is an attempt to create dialogue with nature in a poetic way and the …

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Table with Pink Tablecloth

Table with Pink Tablecloth is an artwork by American artist Richard Artschwager, now in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago. It is a work in three-dimensions constructed of Formica on wood. It was made in 1964 using skills Artschwager gained designing furniture using similar materials and similar techniques. The sculpture measures 64.8 x 111.8 x 111.8 cm (25 1/2 …

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List of people named in the Pandora Papers

Heads of state Current heads of state at the time of the release  Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan  Sebastián Piñera, President of Chile  Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo  Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus  Luis Abinader, President of the Dominican Republic  Guillermo Lasso, President of Ecuador  Ali Bongo Ondimba, President of Gabon  Abdullah II, King of Jordan  Uhuru Kenyatta, President …

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