An ocean is a vast body of saltwater covering approximately 71% of Earth’s surface. It is composed of interconnected bodies of water, including the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic Oceans. Oceans play a crucial role in regulating the planet’s climate, absorbing carbon dioxide, and supporting diverse ecosystems. They influence weather patterns, currents, and marine life habitats. Oceans are teeming with biodiversity, from microscopic plankton to massive marine mammals, and they provide vital resources such as food, transportation routes, and recreational opportunities for humans worldwide.

Plate tectonics

Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that describes how the Earth’s lithosphere, or outermost layer, is divided into a number of large plates that move and interact with one another. This theory has revolutionized our understanding of the Earth’s geology, and has helped to explain a wide range of natural phenomena, from earthquakes and volcanoes […]

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The Acali was a raft which was used in the Acali Expedition or Acali Experiment. It has also been nicknamed the Sex Raft. The raft had a complement of eleven people: five men and six women. It left Las Palmas, Spain on 12 May 1973 and took 101 days to drift across the Atlantic Ocean

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Spot-tail shark

The spot-tail shark, or sorrah shark, is a species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae. They are found in the tropical Indo-West Pacific Ocean between latitudes 31°N and 31°S, from the surface to a depth around 72 m (236 ft). This shark grows to about 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in). It is fished

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Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the Micronesia subregion of the western Pacific Ocean. Guam’s capital is Hagåtña, and the most populous village is Dededo. It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States; in Oceania, it is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands and the

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Valle del Cauca Department

Valle del Cauca, or Cauca Valley, is a department of Western Colombia. It is on the western side of the country, abutting the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Santiago de Cali. Such other cities as Buenaventura, Buga, Cartago, Palmira and Tuluá have great economical, political, social and cultural influence on the department’s life. Valle del

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Dole Food Company

Dole plc is a global Irish agricultural firm headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina. The corporation is the world’s largest producer of fruits and vegetables, employing 74,300 full-time and seasonal workers who are responsible for over 300 products in 90 countries. Dole sells bananas, pineapples, grapes, strawberries, salads, and a variety of fresh and frozen fruits

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Insects (from Latin insectum) are pancrustacean hexapod invertebrates of the class Insecta. They are the largest group within the arthropod phylum. Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae. Insects are the most diverse group of animals; they include more than a million described species and represent more than half of all known living organisms. The total number of extant species is estimated at

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Continental drift

Continental drift is the theory that the Earth’s continents have shifted relative to one another during geologic time, giving the impression that they have “drifted” over the ocean floor. Abraham Ortelius proposed the theory that continents ‘drifted’ in 1596. Alfred Wegener separately and more extensively established the notion in 1912, but his hypothesis was dismissed

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