is a continent that lies fully in the Northern Hemisphere and primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere. It consists of the westernmost peninsulas of Eurasia's continental landmass, shares the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Asia and , and is bounded by the Arctic to the north, the to the west, the Mediterranean to the south, and to the east.

The watershed of the Ural , the Ural , the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the , and the waterways of the Turkish Straits are commonly thought to separate from . Despite the fact that much of this border is over , is recognized as its own due to its vast size as well as the weight of its and traditions.

is the second smallest , covering around 10,180,000 km2 (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the 's surface (6.8% of area) (using the seven- model). Politically, is split into around fifty independent states, the largest of which is .

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