Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish- and .

Carnegie drove the late-nineteenth-century rise of the steel and became one of the wealthiest Americans in .

He rose to prominence as a in both the and the Empire.

During the last 18 years of his life, he donated almost $350 million (approximately $5.2 billion in 2020) to charities, foundations, and institutions, accounting for nearly 90 percent of his fortune.

His 1889 paper, “The Gospel of Fortune,” urged the wealthy to spend their wealth to benefit society, advocated for progressive and an estate tax, and sparked a surge of .