Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was a - and .

Carnegie drove the late-nineteenth-century rise of the steel and became one of the wealthiest Americans in .

He rose to prominence as a in both the and the Empire.

During the last 18 years of his life, he donated almost $350 million (approximately $5.2 billion in 2020) to charities, foundations, and institutions, accounting for nearly 90 percent of his fortune.

His 1889 , “The Gospel of Fortune,” urged the wealthy to spend their to benefit , advocated for progressive and an estate tax, and sparked a surge of .

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