Industry

Concrete

Concrete is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens (cures) over time. Concrete is the second-most-used substance in the world after water, and is the most widely used building material. Its usage worldwide, ton for ton, is twice that of steel, wood, plastics, …

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PepsiCo

PepsiCo, Inc. is an American multinational food, snack, and beverage conglomerate headquartered in Purchase, New York. PepsiCo’s operations span the entire food and beverage industry. It is in charge of product manufacture, distribution, and marketing. The Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito-Lay, Inc. merged to establish PepsiCo in 1965. PepsiCo has subsequently grown beyond its eponymous product, …

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Frostline Kits

Frostline Kits was a Colorado-based company that produced sew-it-yourself kits for outdoor gear including clothing and tents. While it operated, it provided a cost-effective alternative to manufactured gear. Industry DIY outdoor gear Founded 1966; 55 years ago in Boulder, Colorado, United States Founder Dale Johnson Defunct 2009 Fate decline of the kit industry generally Successor Frostline Kits, division of GilletteInsport, Grand Junction, …

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Celebrity Home Entertainment

Celebrity Home Entertainment (also known as simply Celebrity Video), founded by Noel C. Bloom in 1987, was a home video distributor specializing in mostly obscure material from around the world, as well as B-grade action films and softcore adult fare. They also distributed some material that was very popular at the time of its original release, including BraveStarr, Filmation’s Ghostbusters, COPS and the …

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is a private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1900, the university is a merger of the Carnegie Institute of Technology and the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research. The university was established by Andrew Carnegie as the Carnegie Technical Schools, the university became the Carnegie Institute of Technology in …

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Alcoa

Alcoa Corporation (Aluminum Company of America) is an American industrial corporation. It is the world’s eighth largest producer of aluminum, with corporate headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Alcoa conducts operations in 10 countries. Alcoa is a major producer of primary aluminum, fabricated aluminum, and alumina combined, through its active and growing participation in all major aspects of the industry: technology, mining, refining, smelting, …

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Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish-American philanthropist and businessman. Carnegie drove the late-nineteenth-century rise of the American steel industry and became one of the wealthiest Americans in history. He rose to prominence as a philanthropist in both the United States and the British Empire. During the last 18 years of his life, he donated almost $350 …

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Gross domestic product

Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period. GDP (nominal) per capita does not, using a basis of GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) may be more useful when comparing living standards between nations, while nominal GDP is more useful comparing national economies on the international …

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Automation

Automation describes a wide range of technologies that reduce human intervention in processes. Human intervention is reduced by predetermining decision criteria, subprocess relationships, and related actions — and embodying those predeterminations in machines. Automation, includes the use of various equipment and control systems such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers, and heat-treating ovens, switching on telephone networks; steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft, and other applications and vehicles with …

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Dormer Pramet

Dormer Pramet is a global manufacturer and supplier of cutting tools for the engineering industry, including drilling, milling, threading and turning tools. Its origins date back to 1913, making it one of the world’s oldest specialist manufacturers of engineers cutting tools. The current entity formed in 2014 following the merger of Dormer Tools and the IPS Group (Impero – Pramet – Safety). The expanded …

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Central bank

A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the currency and monetary policy of a state or formal monetary union, and oversees their commercial banking system. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on increasing the monetary base. Most central banks also have supervisory and regulatory powers to ensure the stability of member institutions, to prevent bank runs, and to discourage reckless …

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