Goombas, known in Japan as Kuribo, are a fictional mushroom-like species from Nintendo’s Mario franchise. They first appeared in the NES video game Super Mario Bros. as the first enemy players encounter. They have appeared outside video games, including in film, television, and other media. They are usually brown and are most commonly seen walking …

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Elatostema is a genus of flowering plants containing approximately 350 known species in the nettle family Urticaceae, native to tropical forest clearings throughout Australasia, Asia and Africa. There may be as many as 1,000 species of this little-known genus, which is susceptible to deforestation and other forms of human exploitation. Some species, for instance the …

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Selliguea is a fern genus in the family Polypodiaceae. The type species is Selliguea feei.

Xenos vesparum

Xenos vesparum is a parasitic insect species of the order Strepsiptera that are endoparasites of paper wasps in the genus Polistes (most commonly Polistes dominula) that was first described in 1793. Like other members of this family, X. vesparum displays a peculiar lifestyle, and demonstrates extensive sexual dimorphism.


Cranidium is an monotypic genus of stick insects in the monotypic tribe Cranidiini. The single species Cranidium gibbosum has been recorded from northern Brazil, French Guiana and Surinam.

Spot-tail shark

The spot-tail shark, or sorrah shark, is a species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae. They are found in the tropical Indo-West Pacific Ocean between latitudes 31°N and 31°S, from the surface to a depth around 72 m (236 ft). This shark grows to about 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in). It is fished …

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Cardamine micranthera

Cardamine micranthera is a rare species of flowering plant in the mustard family known by the common names small-anthered bittercress and streambank bittercress. It is endemic to the Piedmont region around the border between Virginia and North Carolina, particularly in the Dan River watershed. It is in decline mainly because its habitat has been disturbed …

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Proboscis bat

The proboscis bat (Rhynchonycteris naso) is a bat species from South and Central America. Other common names include Long-nosed proboscis bat, sharp-nosed bat, Brazilian long-nosed bat and river bat in English, and murciélago narizón in Spanish. It is monotypic within its genus.

Strymon (butterfly)

Strymon is a genus of scrub hairstreak butterflies in the family Lycaenidae. It is a highly distinct lineage in the tribe Eumaeini, and was at one time even treated as a monotypic tribe Strymonini. The species of the genus are found in the Nearctic, the Palearctic and the Neotropical realms.


The Somasteroidea, or Stomasteroidea, is an extinct order of asterozoan echinoderms first defined in 1951 by W. K. Spencer. Their first appearance in the fossil record was in the Early Ordovician (Tremadocian) and they had become extinct by the Late Devonian (Famennian). They are similar to the asteroids in that their bodies are flattened dorsoventrally …

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Humblot’s sunbird

Humblot’s sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is endemic to the islands of Grand Comoro and Mohéli in the Comoros. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Passeriformes Family: Nectariniidae Genus: Cinnyris Species:C. humbloti C. humbloti


Speciation is the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species.

Phyllonorycter formosella

Phyllonorycter formosella is a moth of the family Gracillariidae. It is known from the Seychelles. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera Infraorder: Heteroneura Family: Gracillariidae Genus: Phyllonorycter Species: P. formosella


An apple is a fruit that grows on an apple tree and is edible (Malus domestica). Apple trees are the most widely grown species in the Malus genus and are cultivated all over the world. The tree’s wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, can still be found in Central Asia. Apples have been cultivated in Asia and …

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The desman, a snouted and naked-tailed diving insectivore of the tribe Desmanini (sometimes called a subfamily, Desmaninae), is one of two Talpidae species found in Euraasia. This tribe is made up of two monotypic semiaquatic insectivores found in Europe: one in Russia and the other in the northwest of the Iberian peninsula and the Pyrenees. …

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Geometer moth

The geometer moths are moths that belong to the insect order Lepidoptera, which includes moths and butterflies. Their scientific name is derived from the Ancient Greek geo and metron meaning “measure” in allusion to how their larvae, or “inchworms,” appear to “measure the earth” as they crawl in a looping form. It is a fairly …

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Hydrelia rubricosta

Hydrelia rubricosta is a moth in the family Geometridae first described by Hiroshi Inoue in 1982. It is found in Nepal and China. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera Family: Geometridae Genus: Hydrelia Species: H. rubricosta


Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the genus Nicotiana of the family Solanaceae, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of these plants. More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. tabacum. The more potent variant N. rustica is also used in some countries. Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes and cigars, as well …

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Longhorn beetle

Longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae), often known as long-horned or longicorn beetles, are a huge family of beetles with over 35,000 species documented. The antennae of most species are as long as or longer than the beetle’s body. However, the antennae of certain members of the family are relatively small, making it difficult to identify them from …

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Enotocleptes intermicollis

Enotocleptes intermicollis is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Stephan von Breuning in 1940. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Suborder: Polyphaga Family: Cerambycidae Genus: Enotocleptes Species: E. intermicollis

Thais melones

Thais melones is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda (unranked): clade Caenogastropodaclade Hypsogastropodaclade Neogastropoda Superfamily: Muricoidea Family: Muricidae Subfamily: Rapaninae Genus: Thais Subgenus: Vasula Species: T. melones

Clivina bolivari

Clivina bolivari is a species of ground beetle in the subfamily Scaritinae. It was described by Barr in 1967. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Family: Carabidae Genus: Clivina Species: C. bolivari


Insects (from Latin insectum) are pancrustacean hexapod invertebrates of the class Insecta. They are the largest group within the arthropod phylum. Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae. Insects are the most diverse group of animals; they include more than a million described species and represent more than half of all known living organisms. The total number of extant species is estimated at …

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Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths. Adult butterflies have large, often brightly colored wings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight. The group comprises the large superfamily Papilionoidea, which contains at least one former group, the skippers, and the most recent analyses suggest it also contains the moth-butterflies. Butterfly fossils date to the Paleocene, about 56 million years ago. Kingdom: …

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Glyphostoma pilsbryi

Glyphostoma pilsbryi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Clathurellidae. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda (unranked): clade Caenogastropodaclade Hypsogastropodaclade Neogastropoda Superfamily: Conoidea Family: Clathurellidae Genus: Glyphostoma Species: G. pilsbryi


Scoloposcelis is a genus of minute pirate bugs in the family Lyctocoridae. There are about seven described species in Scoloposcelis. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Hemiptera Family: Lyctocoridae Tribe: Scolopini Genus: Scoloposcelis These seven species belong to the genus Scoloposcelis: Scoloposcelis basilica Scoloposcelis flavicornis Scoloposcelis koreanus Scoloposcelis obscurella Scoloposcelis parallela Scoloposcelis pulchella Scoloposcelis seidaii 

Galearis spectabilis

Galearis spectabilis, commonly known as showy orchis or showy orchid, is an orchid species of the genus Galearis. It is native to eastern Canada (Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick) and much of the eastern half of the United States (from southeastern Oklahoma east to eastern South Dakota and north to Maine and Minnesota).


Jezebelle, also known as Jezebelle of the Fiery Eyes, is a fictional character, a superheroine in publications from DC Comics. Created by Gerry Conway and Don Newton, the character first appeared in New Gods #12 (July 1977). She was the second female character in the series, after Big Barda. Publisher DC Comics First appearance New Gods #12 (July 1977) Created by Gerry Conway (writer)Don Newton (artist) In-story information Alter ego …

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of the appropriate sexes or mating types can produce fertile offspring, typically by sexual reproduction. Other ways of defining species include their karyotype, DNA sequence, morphology, behaviour or ecological niche. In addition, paleontologists use the concept of the chronospecies since fossil reproduction cannot …

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In ecology, the term habitat summarises the array of resources, physical and biotic factors that are present in an area, such as to support the survival and reproduction of a particular species. A species habitat can be seen as the physical manifestation of its ecological niche. Thus “habitat” is a species-specific term, fundamentally different from concepts such as environment or vegetation assemblages, for which …

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Thecacoris annobonae

Thecacoris annobonae is a species of plant in the family Phyllanthaceae. It is found in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea (Annobón island). Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.


Deer or true deer are hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. The Cervinae, which includes the muntjac, elk (wapiti), red deer, and fallow deer, and the Capreolinae, which includes the reindeer (caribou), white-tailed deer, roe deer, and moose. Every year, male deer of the vast majority species and female reindeer develop and shed new antlers. They are distinct from permanently horned antelope, which …

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Caecocaelus is a genus of beetles in the family Carabidae, containing the following species: Caecocaelus basilewskyi  Caecocaelus clarkei  Caecocaelus decellei  Caecocaelus elongatus  Caecocaelus kabarensis  Caecocaelus leleupi  Caecocaelus microphthalmus Caecocaelus ruandanus  Caecocaelus scotti


The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest living cat species and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognizable for its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a white underside. It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and wild boar. It is territorial and generally a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous areas of habitat, which support its requirements for prey and rearing of its …

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Rabbits, often known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are tiny mammals that belong to the order Lagomorpha and the family Leporidae (together with the hare). Oryctolagus cuniculus contains the European rabbit species and its descendants, which include the world’s 305 domestic rabbit breeds. The European rabbit, which has been introduced on every continent except Antarctica, …

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Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly of crustal components such as rock, sand, soil, and sometimes ice. The vast majority of human activity throughout history has occurred in land areas that support agriculture, habitat, and various natural resources. Some life forms, including terrestrial plants and terrestrial animals, …

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Hamza (cicada)

Hamza is a genus of cicadas in the family Cicadidae. There is at least one described species in Hamza, H. ciliaris. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Hemiptera Family: Cicadidae Genus: Hamza


Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by being active during the night and sleeping during the day. The common adjective is “nocturnal“, versus diurnal meaning the opposite. Nocturnal creatures generally have highly developed senses of hearing, smell, and specially adapted eyesight. Some animals, such as cats and ferrets, have eyes that can adapt to both low-level and bright day levels of illumination (see metaturnal). Others, such as bushbabies and …

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Moths are a paraphyletic group of insects that includes all members of the orderLepidoptera that are not butterflies, with moths making up the vast majority of the order. There are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera

Mallonia granulata

Mallonia granulata is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by William Lucas Distant in 1892. It is known from South Africa. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Coleoptera Suborder: Polyphaga Family: Cerambycidae Genus: Mallonia Species: M. granulata

Lepidochrysops erici

Lepidochrysops erici is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is found in north-western Zambia. Adults have been recorded in October. Adults feed on flowers of the larval host plant. The larvae feed on Ocimum species. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Lepidoptera Family: Lycaenidae Genus: Lepidochrysops Species: L. erici Etymology The species named for Eric Gardiner, son of the author.

Aristolochia stevensii

Aristolochia stevensii is a plant species native to northwestern Nicaragua and southwestern Honduras. It grows in wet montane forests. Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Magnoliids Order: Piperales Family: Aristolochiaceae Genus: Aristolochia Species: A. stevensii Aristolochia stevensii is a liana climbing over other vegetation. Stems are woody, up to 2 cm in diameter, the bark tomentose when young, corky when older. Leaves are ovate, up to 17 cm …

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Trichaptum is a fungus genus. In 1904 the genus was defined by American mycologist William Alphonso Murrill. Previously classified as a member of the family Polyporaceae, various genetic analyses have revealed that the genus now belongs to the order Hymenochaetales. Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Order: Hymenochaetales Family: Incertae sedis Genus: TrichaptumMurrill (1904) Species Trichaptum …

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Acrobelione is a genus of Isopoda parasites, in the family Bopyridae, containing the following species: Acrobelione anisopoda Bourdon, 1981 Acrobelione halimedae Boyko, Williams & Shields, 2017 Acrobelione langi Van Name, 1920 Acrobelione reverberii Restivo, 1970 Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Crustacea Class: Malacostraca Order: Isopoda Family: Bopyridae Genus: Acrobelione

Macrostomus divisus

Macrostomus divisus is a species of dance flies, in the fly family Empididae. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Diptera Superfamily: Empidoidea Family: Empididae Subfamily: Empidinae Genus: Macrostomus Species: M. divisus

Santa Ana Zoo

Date opened 1952 Location Santa Ana, California, United States Coordinates 33°44′38.094″N 117°50′33.11″W Land area 20 acres (8.1 ha) No. of animals 250 Annual visitors 270,000 Major exhibits Amazon’s Edge, Colors of the Amazon Aviary, Crean Family Farm, Monkey Row, Tierra de las Pampas Website www.santaanazoo.org The Santa Ana Zoo at Prentice Park in Santa Ana, California, is a 20-acre (8.1 ha) zoo focusing on the …

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Epargyreus clarus

Epargyreus clarus, the silver-spotted skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae. It is claimed to be the most recognized skipper in North America. E. clarus occurs in fields, gardens, and at forest edges and ranges from southern Canada throughout most of the United States to northern Mexico, but is absent in the Great Basin and western Texas. E. clarus larvae create and reside in unique shelters stuck together with silk, which …

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