Elon Musk

Elon Reeve Musk FRS (born June 28, 1971) is an entrepreneur and business magnate.

He is the founder, CEO, and Chief Engineer at SpaceX; early-stage investor, CEO, and Product of , Inc.; founder of The Boring ; and co-founder of Neuralink and OpenAI.

With an estimated net worth of around US$270 billion as of January 2022, Musk is the wealthiest person in the world according to the Bloomberg billionaires index and the Forbes real-time billionaires list.

Musk was born to a Canadian mother and African father, and raised in Pretoria, .

He briefly attended the University of Pretoria before moving to at age 17 to avoid conscription.

He was enrolled at Queen’s University and transferred to the University of two years later, where he received a bachelor’s degree in economics and physics, then moved to in 1995 to attend Stanford University but decided instead to pursue a business career, co-founding the web Zip2 with his brother Kimbal.

The startup was acquired by Compaq for $307 million in 1999. The same year, Musk co-founded online bank X.com, which merged with Confinity in 2000 to form PayPal.

The was bought by eBay in 2002 for $1.5 billion.

In 2002, Musk founded SpaceX, an manufacturer and space transport services , of which he is CEO and CTO.

In 2004, he joined vehicle manufacturer Motors, Inc. (now , Inc.) as chairman and product , becoming its CEO in 2008.

In 2006, he helped create SolarCity, a solar services that was later acquired by and became .

In 2015, he co-founded OpenAI, a nonprofit research that promotes friendly artificial intelligence.

In 2016, he co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology focused on developing brain–computer interfaces, and founded The Boring , a tunnel .

Musk has proposed the Hyperloop, a high-speed vactrain transportation .

Musk has been the subject of criticism due to his unorthodox or unscientific stances and highly publicized controversial statements.

In 2018, he was sued for defamation by a caver who advised in the Tham Luang cave rescue; a jury ruled in favor of Musk.

In the same year, he was sued by the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for falsely tweeting that he had secured funding for a private takeover of .

He settled with the SEC, temporarily stepping down from his chairmanship and agreed to limitations on his usage.

Musk has spread misinformation about the COVID-19 pandemic and has received criticism from experts for his other views on such matters as artificial intelligence, , and public transport.