Elon Musk

Elon Reeve Musk FRS (born June 28, 1971) is an entrepreneur and magnate.

He is the founder, CEO, and Chief Engineer at SpaceX; early-stage investor, CEO, and Product of , Inc.; founder of The Boring ; and co-founder of Neuralink and OpenAI.

With an estimated net worth of around US$270 billion as of January 2022, Musk is the wealthiest in the world according to the Bloomberg billionaires index and the Forbes real-time billionaires list.

Musk was born to a mother and South African father, and raised in Pretoria, .

He briefly attended the of Pretoria before moving to at 17 to avoid conscription.

He was enrolled at Queen's and transferred to the of two years later, where he received a bachelor's degree in economics and , then moved to in 1995 to attend Stanford but decided instead to pursue a , co-founding the web Zip2 with his brother Kimbal.

The startup was acquired by Compaq for $307 million in 1999. The same year, Musk co-founded online bank X.com, which merged with Confinity in 2000 to form PayPal.

The was bought by eBay in 2002 for $1.5 billion.

In 2002, Musk founded SpaceX, an manufacturer and space transport services , of which he is CEO and CTO.

In 2004, he joined vehicle manufacturer Motors, Inc. (now , Inc.) as chairman and product , becoming its CEO in 2008.

In 2006, he helped create SolarCity, a solar services that was later acquired by and became .

In 2015, he co-founded OpenAI, a nonprofit that promotes friendly artificial intelligence.

In 2016, he co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology focused on developing brain– interfaces, and founded The Boring , a .

Musk has proposed the Hyperloop, a high-speed vactrain .

Musk has been the subject of criticism due to his unorthodox or unscientific stances and highly publicized controversial statements.

In 2018, he was sued for defamation by a caver who advised in the Tham Luang cave rescue; a jury ruled in favor of Musk.

In the same year, he was sued by the US and Exchange () for falsely tweeting that he had secured funding for a private takeover of .

He settled with the , temporarily stepping down from his chairmanship and agreed to limitations on his usage.

Musk has spread misinformation about the COVID-19 pandemic and has received criticism from experts for his other views on such matters as artificial intelligence, , and transport.

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