With over 39.5 million residents, is the most populous in the .

It is bordered by Nevada to the , Arizona to the southeast, the Pacific to the , Oregon to the , and to the .

The greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation’s second and fifth most populous urban regions, respectively.

The economy of has a gross product of $3.2 trillion as of 2019, and if it were a country would be the 37th most populous country and the fifth largest economy in the world.

The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation’s second- and third-largest urban economies.

was first settled by various Native Californian tribes, before being explored by Europeans during the 16th and 17th centuries.

In 1804, it was included in Alta  province within the Viceroyalty of New .

It became a part of in 1821, but was ceded to the in 1848 after the .

The western portion of that province was then organized and admitted as the 31st on September 9, 1850.

Hollywood, the oldest and largest in the world, has had a profound effect on global entertainment.

’s ports and harbors handle about a third of all U.S. imports, most originating in Pacific Rim international trade.

The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as centers of the global and entertainment industries.

It shares a border with the U.S. states of Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona and the of Baja .

The large size of the results in climates that vary from moist tropical rainforests in the to arid deserts in the interior.