# Math

## Flexner Report

The Flexner Report is a book-length landmark report of medical education in the United States and Canada, written by Abraham Flexner and published in 1910 under the aegis of the Carnegie Foundation. Many aspects of the present-day American medical profession stem from the Flexner Report and its aftermath. The Report called on American medical schools …

## How do deep neural networks work?

The video below explains the math and concepts of a deep neural network functions.

## Trigonometry

Trigonometry is the study of angles. It is a branch of mathematics that is used for algebraic solving in geometry. With the knowledge of trigonometry anything from calculus to vector algebra can be solved. Trigonometry is used in finding out the heights of tall objects like mountains, trees, etc. The tool used in trigonometry for this purpose is called clinometer.

## Social network

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social entities as well as a variety of theories explaining the patterns observed in these structures. The study of these structures uses social …

## Mathew Baker

Mathew Baker was one of the most renowned Tudor shipwrights, and the first to put the practice of shipbuilding down on paper. The first list of ‘Master Shipwrights’ appointed ‘by Patent’ by Henry VIII of England included ‘John Smyth, Robert Holborn, Richard Bull and James Baker,’ in 1537. James Baker was responsible for many of the designs and the construction of King Henry’s …

## Parametric equation

A parametric equation in mathematics specifies a set of numbers as functions of one or more independent variables known as parameters. Parametric equations are widely used to express the coordinates of the points that make up a geometric object, such as a curve or surface, in which case the equations are referred to as the …

## Volume

The amount of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface is expressed as a scalar quantity. For example, the space occupied or contained by a material (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or 3D form. Volume is frequently mathematically measured using the SI-derived unit, the cubic metre. The volume of a container is commonly believed to …

## Ampere

The ampere, often shortened to amp, is the base unit of electric current in the International System of Units (SI). It is named after André-Marie Ampère (1775–1836), French mathematician and physicist, considered the father of electromagnetism.

## Algorithm

In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a finite sequence of well-defined instructions, typically used to solve a class of specific problems or to perform a computation. Algorithms are used as specifications for performing calculations, data processing, automated reasoning, automated decision-making and other tasks. In contrast, a heuristic is a technique used in problem solving that uses practical methods and/or various estimates in order to …

## Lava lamp

A lava lamp is a decorative lamp, invented in 1963 by British entrepreneur Edward Craven Walker, the founder of the lighting company Mathmos. The lamp consists of a bolus of a special coloured wax mixture inside a glass vessel, the remainder of which contains clear or translucent liquid. The vessel is placed on a box containing an incandescent light bulb whose heat …