Local government

Local  is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign .

This particular usage of the word  refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localised and has limited powers.

While in some countries, “” is normally reserved purely for a national administration () (which may be known as a central  or federal ), the term local is always used specifically in contrast to national – as well as, in many cases, the activities of sub-national, first-level administrative divisions (which are generally known by names such as cantons, provinces, states, oblasts, or regions).

Local governments generally act only within powers specifically delegated to them by law and/or directives of a higher level of .

In federal states, local generally comprises a third or fourth tier of , whereas in unitary states, local usually occupies the second or third tier of .