Government

 is the or group of people governing an organized community, generally a .

In the case of its broad associative definition, normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary.

is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy.

Each has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and .

While all types of organizations have governance, the term  is often used more specifically, to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments and subsidiary organizations.

Historically prevalent forms of include monarchy, aristocracytimocracy, oligarchy, democracy, theocracy and tyranny.

The main aspect of any of is how political power is obtained, with the two main forms being electoral contest and hereditary succession.