is a nation in Central Europe. Its official name is the Federal Republic of .

It is Europe’s second-most populated after , and the European Union’s most populous member .

is located between the Baltic and Seas to the and the Alps to the , and it has a total land area of 357,022 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi).

It is bounded to the by Denmark, to the by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the by Austria and Switzerland, and to the by , Luxembourg, Belgium, and the .

The nation’s and largest is Berlin, and its financial hub is Frankfurt; the Ruhr is the ’s largest metropolitan .