Germany is a nation in Central Europe. Its official name is the Federal Republic of Germany. It is Europe’s second-most populated country after Russia, and the European Union’s most populous member state. Germany is located between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps to the south, and it has a total land area of 357,022 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi). It is bounded to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The nation’s capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial hub is Frankfurt; the Ruhr is the country’s largest metropolitan region.