Flexner Report

The Flexner Report is a book-length landmark report of medical education in the United States and Canada, written by Abraham Flexner and published in 1910 under the aegis of the Carnegie Foundation. Many aspects of the present-day American medical profession stem from the Flexner Report and its aftermath. The Report called on American medical schools …

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Admin Key

An admin key grants special permission to modify a project’s protocol or smart contract. It is often owned by the founders or core team of a project. Proponents of decentralization believe that keeping admin keys violates decentralized governance standards and raises security issues, and several projects have expressed their desire to do so.

AAVE Token

The AAVE token is an Ethereum-based ERC-20 asset that serves as the Aave blockchain protocol’s governance token. AAVE token holders can submit improvements to the AAVE protocol and vote to accept or refuse new ideas. AAVE coins, if widely distributed, are designed to eventually support the Aave platform’s autonomous and decentralized governance.

1inch Liquidity Protocol

The 1inch Liquidity Protocol is an automated market maker (AMM) that is aimed to boost protocol liquidity and employ virtual balances to reduce temporary loss. Users can benefit by contributing tokens as liquidity on the 1inch platform through a process known as “liquidity mining,” in which traders send assets such as ETH to a specific …

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The 0x protocol is a free and open protocol for creating decentralized exchanges (DEXs) on the Ethereum blockchain. 0x, which debuted in 2018, allows developers to integrate peer-to-peer digital asset trading into platforms and apps. ZRX is 0x’s native token, and it grants holders participation rights in 0x platform governance.

Computer network

A computer network is a collection of computers that share resources that are located on or provided by network nodes. Personal computers, servers, networking devices, and other specialized or general-purpose hosts are examples of nodes. They are recognized by network addresses and, in certain cases, by hostnames. Network addresses are used by communication protocols such …

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Low-power wide-area network

A low-power wide-area network (LPWAN) or low-power wide-area (LPWA) network or low-power network (LPN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network designed to allow long-range communications at a low bit rate among things (connected objects), such as sensors operated on a battery. The low power, low bit rate and intended use distinguish this type of network from a wireless WAN that is designed to connect users or businesses, and carry …

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Bitcoin network

The bitcoin network is a peer-to-peer payment network that operates on a cryptographic protocol. Users send and receive bitcoins, the units of currency, by broadcasting digitally signed messages to the network using bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet software. Transactions are recorded into a distributed, replicated public database known as the blockchain, with consensus achieved by a proof-of-work system called mining. Satoshi Nakamoto, the designer of bitcoin, claimed that design and coding of bitcoin began …

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Cryptography, or cryptology, is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of adversarial behavior. More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent third parties or the public from reading private messages; various aspects of information security, such as data confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation, are central to modern cryptography. Modern cryptography exists at the intersection of the disciplines of mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, communication …

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