The anion (negatively charged ion) Cl is the anion (chloride ion). It is generated when the element chlorine (a halogen) gets an electron or when a molecule such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents. Chloride compounds like sodium chloride are frequently extremely soluble in water.  It is an electrolyte […]
Oxygen is the chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a member of the chalcogen group in the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. Oxygen is Earth’s most abundant element, and after hydrogen and helium, it is the third-most abundant element in the universe.
An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter that forms a chemical element. Every solid, liquid, gas, and plasma is composed of neutral or ionized atoms. Atoms are extremely small, typically around 100 picometers across. They are so small that accurately predicting their behavior using classical physics—as if they were tennis balls, for example—is not possible due to quantum effects.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds. Molecules are distinguished from ions by their lack of electrical charge. In quantum physics, organic chemistry, and biochemistry, the distinction from ions is dropped and molecule is often used when referring to polyatomic ions.
Zinc is a chemical element with the atomic number 30 and the symbol Zn. At room temperature, zinc is a somewhat brittle metal with a silvery-greyish look when oxidation is eliminated. It is the first element in periodic table group 12 (IIB). Zinc is chemically similar to magnesium in various ways: both metals have just
Paraffin wax (or petroleum wax) is a soft colorless solid derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 °C (99 °F), and its boiling point is above 370 °C (698 °F). Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles; dyed paraffin wax can be made
A drop or droplet is a small column of liquid, bounded completely or almost completely by free surfaces. A drop may form when liquid accumulates at the lower end of a tube or other surface boundary, producing a hanging drop called a pendant drop. Drops may also be formed by the condensation of a vapor or by atomization of a larger mass of solid.
Water is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth‘s hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. “Water” is the name of the liquid state of H2O at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula H2O, indicates that
A chemical element, often simply called an element, is a species of atoms which all have the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei. Atomic number Symbol Name Phase at r.t. 1 H Hydrogen gas 2 He Helium gas 3 Li Lithium solid 4 Be Beryllium solid 5 B Boron solid 6 C Carbon solid 7 N Nitrogen gas 8