Scotland is a nation inside the United Kingdom. Mainland Scotland, which occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain, shares a 96-mile (154-kilometer) border with to the southeast and is otherwise bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the and , the to the , and the Irish to the . The nation also has over 790 islands, mostly in the archipelagos of the Hebrides and the Northern Isles. The majority of the population, including the Edinburgh, is situated in the Scottish Lowlands’ Central Belt — the plain between the Scottish Highlands and the Southern Uplands.

Scotland is split into 32 council areas, which are administrative subdivisions or local administrations. In terms of population, Glasgow is the largest council area, whereas Highland is the largest in terms of area. The Scottish delegated limited self- power to each subdivision in areas such as education, social services, and roads and transportation.