is a nation inside the United Kingdom. Mainland , which occupies the northern third of the of Great Britain, shares a 96-mile (154-kilometer) border with to the southeast and is otherwise bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North to the northeast, and the Irish to the south. The nation also has over 790 islands, mostly in the archipelagos of the Hebrides and the Northern Isles. The majority of the population, including the Edinburgh, is situated in the Lowlands' Central Belt — the plain between the and the Southern Uplands.

is split into 32 council areas, which are administrative subdivisions or local administrations. In terms of population, Glasgow is the largest council area, whereas Highland is the largest in terms of area. The delegated limited self- power to each subdivision in areas such as , social services, and roads and .

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