1794 in the United States

Federal Government

Events

  • January 13 – The U.S. Congress enacts a law providing for, effective May 1, 1795, a flag of 15 stars and 15 stripes, in recognition of the recent admission of Vermont and Kentucky as the 14th and 15th states.[1] A subsequent act restores the number of stripes to 13, but provides for additional stars upon the admission of each additional .
  • February 11 – The first session of the  Senate is open to the public.
  • March 14 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
  • March 27 – The   authorizes the of the first six  Navy vessels (in 1797 the first 3 frigates, USS , USS Constellation and USS Constitution go into service), not to be confused with October 13, 1775, which is observed as the Navy’s Birthday.
  • July 17 – Whiskey Rebellion: 500 armed Pennsylvanians attack and burn the home of General John Neville.
  • August 7 – Whiskey Rebellion: invokes the Militia Acts of 1792 mobilize a federal army of 12,500 men. The force would later be put under the command of General “Light Horse Harry” Lee to be led into western against the insurrection.
  • September 10 – The University of Tennessee is established at Knoxville.
  • November – Whiskey Rebellion: The federal army quells the uprising and begins the return march to Philadelphia with prisoners.
  • November 19 – The and Great Britain sign the Jay Treaty (coming into effect 1796), which attempts to clear up some issues left over from the  Revolutionary  and secures a decade of peaceful trade between the two nations. Britain agrees to evacuate border forts in the Northwest Territory (roughly the area of the Ohio River and of the ) and thereby end support for the Indians.
  • December 8 – The Great New Orleans Fire (1794) burns over 200 buildings in the  Quarter.
  • December 23 – St. Louis Cathedral, New Orleans is dedicated.