Fair use

 is a doctrine in  law that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the holder.

is one of the limitations to intended to balance the interests of holders with the public interest in the wider distribution and use of creative works by allowing as a defense to  infringement claims certain limited uses that might otherwise be considered infringement.

Unlike “fair dealing” rights that exist in most countries with a legal , the right is a general exception that applies to all different kinds of uses with all types of works and turns on a flexible proportionality test that examines the purpose of the use, the amount used, and the impact on the market of the original work.