Sanitation refers to health conditions related to clean drinking and and disposal of excreta and sewage.'

Preventing contact with feces is part of sanitation, as is hand washing with soap.

Sanitation systems aim to protect health by providing a clean that will stop the transmission of disease, especially through the fecal–oral route.

There are many other diseases which are easily transmitted in communities that have low levels of sanitation, such as ascariasis (a type of intestinal worm infection or helminthiasis), cholera, hepatitis, polio, schistosomiasis, and trachoma, to name just a few.

A range of sanitation technologies and approaches exists.

Some examples are community-led total sanitation, container-based sanitation, sanitation, emergency sanitation, environmental sanitation, onsite sanitation and sanitation.

A sanitation includes the capture, storage, transport, and disposal or reuse of excreta and wastewater.

How sewers work to treate waste .

Reuse activities within the sanitation may on the , , or matter contained in excreta and wastewater.

This is referred to as the “sanitation value chain” or “sanitation ”. The responsible for cleaning, maintaining, operating, or emptying a sanitation at any step of the sanitation chain are called “sanitation workers”.

Several sanitation “levels” are being used to compare sanitation service levels within countries or across countries.

The sanitation ladder defined by the Joint Monitoring Programme in 2016 starts at open defecation and moves upwards using the terms “unimproved”, “limited”, “basic”, with the highest level being “safely managed”.

The Right to and Sanitation was recognized by the (UN) General Assembly in 2010.

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