Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by being active during the night and sleeping during the day.
The common adjective is “nocturnal“, versus diurnal meaning the opposite.
Nocturnal creatures generally have highly developed senses of hearing, smell, and specially adapted eyesight.
Some animals, such as cats and ferrets, have eyes that can adapt to both low-level and bright day levels of illumination (see metaturnal).
Others, such as bushbabies and (some) bats, can function only at night.
More specifically, they have been found to have a larger cornea relative to their eye size than diurnal creatures to increase their visual sensitivity: in the low-light conditions.
Nocturnality helps wasps, such as Apoica flavissima, avoid hunting in intense sunlight.
Diurnal animals, including squirrels and songbirds, are active during the daytime.
Cathemeral species, such as fossas and lions, are active both in the day and at night.
Last Updated on 2 years by pinc