Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern regions of the , between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.

The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna.

The of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most-populous , and Fairfax  is the most-populous political subdivision.