James Island, South Carolina

James Island is a in Charleston , Carolina, .

It is located in the central and southern parts of James Island.

James Island is included within the Charleston- Charleston-Summerville metropolitan area and the Charleston- Charleston Urbanized Area.

Here at James Island on November 14, 1782, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Colonel of the Continental Army, led the last known armed action of the Revolutionary against the and was nearly killed.

Later, The Continental Congress named Kosciuszko Brigadier General for his service in both the , including his tremendous assistance to General Gates at The Battle of Saratoga and brilliant efforts assisting General Greene in saving the Army from Cornwallis forces and ultimately severely weakening the under command of Cornwallis.

In the Civil , the Battle of Secessionville was fought on James Island.

Long settled as a semi-rural area, this island has been affected by increasing urbanization and the expansion of the of Charleston.

Island residents incorporated the of James Island on January 8, 1993.

Joan Sooy was elected as the first Mayor in March 1993.

A lawsuit was filed by the of Charleston claiming that the parts of the new were not contiguous, being separated by salt marsh that it had already incorporated.

The of Charleston prevailed at Circuit Court and the appealed.

The Carolina Supreme Court ruled against the in 1997.

The Carolina legislature changed incorporation law to allow incorporation over already annexed salt marsh.

The of James Island was incorporated a second time in 2002. Mary Clark was elected Mayor.

The of Charleston challenged the again, this time arguing that the new incorporation law was unconstitutional special legislation.

The of Charleston prevailed in Circuit Court and the of James Island appealed.

The Carolina Supreme Court ruled that the singling out “salt marsh” was irrational, the legislation was ruled unconstitutional and the was closed for a second time.

Carolina changed the laws affecting incorporation, effective on July 1, 2005.

A third attempt to become a was successful in June 2006, when about 3,000 voted to incorporate.

The day after the vote, Charleston mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. filed a lawsuit against the for the third time, saying that it was unconstitutional.

Mary Clark was elected mayor of the for the third time in August 2006.

On November 7, 2008 the of Charleston lost its lawsuit against the of James Island in Circuit Court.

In an election on August 3, 2010, incumbent Clark lost to Bill Woolsey, an economics professor at The Citadel and member of the James Island Council from 2002 to 2004.

The Carolina Supreme Court ruled against the of James Island in June 2011.

It ruled that the Carolina incorporation law used by the was constitutional, but that approximately 25% of the was not contiguous.

Rather than remove that portion of the , it ordered the closed.

The was incorporated a fourth time after a referendum on April 24, 2012.

The of Charleston determined that it could not successfully challenge the by May and the deadline for a challenge passed on July 17.

Former Mayor Bill Woolsey led the incorporation effort and was unopposed in the election held on July 31, 2012.

He was subsequently re-elected on July 29, 2014 for a second term and again on November 5, 2019 for a third term.

The limits have never incorporated the entire island of James Island, as the of Charleston has annexed land on James Island before the original incorporation of the and between subsequent re-incorporations.

There were approximately 18,000 residents in what were the boundaries and approximately 20,000 in Charleston’s limits as of the 2010 US Census.

The currently includes a population of 11,500.

Approximately 6,000 residents remain in unincorporated Charleston , and 20,000 in the of Charleston.

James Island is the home of many historical events and areas.

McLeod Plantation, a former Island cotton plantation, was sold in 2011 by Historic Charleston Foundation to the Charleston Parks and Recreation Commission.

Fort Johnson is reported to be the site of the first shot of the Civil .

The remains of Fort Lamar are nearby. Recent renovations of historical places include the Seashore Farmer’s Lodge on Sol Legare Road.

The Fort Johnson/Powder Magazine, Fort Pemberton, Lighthouse Point Shell Ring (38CH12), Marshlands Plantation House, Seashore Farmers’ Lodge No. 767, and Unnamed Battery No. 1 are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.