American Civil War

The Civil (April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865) was a civil fought between the and the Confederate states.

The major reason of the was the position of slavery, particularly its extension into areas obtained as a consequence of the Louisiana Purchase and the .

On the eve of the Civil in 1860, four million (almost 13 percent) of the 32 million Americans were enslaved black people, virtually mostly in the .