Automation describes a wide range of technologies that reduce human intervention in processes. Human intervention is reduced by predetermining decision criteria, subprocess relationships, and related actions — and embodying those predeterminations in machines. Automation, includes the use of various equipment and control systems such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers, and heat-treating ovens, switching on telephone networks; steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft, and other applications and vehicles with …

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Control system

Using control loops, a control system manages, commands, directs, or controls the behavior of other devices or systems. It can range from a single home heating controller that uses a thermostat to operate a residential boiler to massive industrial control systems that control processes or machinery.