Keroseneparaffin, or lamp  is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum.

It is widely used as a fuel in aviation as well as households. Its name derives from : κηρός (keros) meaning “wax”, and was registered as a trademark by Canadian geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner in 1854 before evolving into a generic trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage.

The term kerosene is common in much of Argentina, AustraliaCanada, New Zealand, Nigeria, and the , while the term paraffin (or a closely related variant) is used in , eastern Africa,  Africa, Norway, and in the United Kingdom.

The term lamp , or the equivalent in the local languages, is common in the majority of Asia and the Southeastern .

Liquid paraffin (called mineral in the US) is a more viscous and highly refined product which is used as a laxative.

Paraffin wax is a waxy solid extracted from petroleum.